There are many causes of heel pain, including bursitis. The retrocalcaneal bursa is a fluid-filled sac located between the heel bone and the Achilles tendon. It cushions and lubricates the tendon as it slides over the heel bone, while acting as a shock absorber during walking and other movements. Excessive walking, running, jumping or other stress…

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Constant care and regular evaluation are important for a foot or ankle fracture. If left untreated, foot or ankle fractures can worsen over time and create more serious problems. Don't wait to be examined if you believe you've experienced a foot or ankle fracture.

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Broken toes often result from trauma. They may occur from dropping something directly on the toes, stubbing a toe, or bending them the wrong way. Toes can also break due to a stress fracture after a sudden increase in activity. The common indications of a broken toe include a snapping or popping sound at the time of the injury, swelling, bruising, and pain…

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Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common foot injuries and the most frequent cause of heel pain. This condition occurs when the plantar fascia, a ligament that runs along the bottom of the foot, becomes inflamed usually due to repetitive stress and overuse. When the plantar fascia is injured, you may feel a sharp, stabbing pain in…

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There are several types of foot and ankle injuries that can occur when playing sports. The most common sports injury is an ankle sprain. It is important for ankle sprains to be diagnosed and treated professionally, as an improperly healed sprain can lead to additional sprains, chronic ankle instability, and arthritis. Another type of injury…

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Fungi that reside on the body can become overgrown over time in, or on, the toenail. This can result in an infection known as onychomycosis. You can also pick up the infection through contact with someone who has it. Further, this fungal infection can be transmitted through contact with toenail clippers, nail files or pedicure instruments at…

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Foot or ankle pain can negatively affect your day-to-day life and can occur due to several different conditions. Pain can also be an indicator of a more serious underlying condition, which is why you should seek professional help as soon as you notice any abnormalities in your feet.

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Foot pain can have a wide variety of sources. For example, issues such as arthritis, which causes inflammation in the joints, or tendonitis, which causes inflammation to the tendons, can gradually develop over time. Trauma to the foot can cause a painful injury such as a sprain or fracture. Even issues with blood flow to the feet, such…

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Pregnancy is often accompanied by swollen feet and ankles. This occurs because the body is creating and retaining more fluid, and the uterus is growing. Both of these factors can cause the feet and ankles to swell, a condition known as edema. You can help ease the symptoms of edema by sleeping on the left…

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Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are open sores or wounds that often occur on the feet of people with diabetes. There are three main types of DFUs. Neuropathic ulcers constitute 90% of DFUs. They are associated with diabetic neuropathy and involve damaged nerves leading to a loss of sensation in the feet. Without sensation, it can…

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